Micronutrition : micro and macronutrients

Micronutrients by Dr Didier Chos, President of IEDM

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The term "micronutrition" refers to the concept of micronutrients.

When we look at the food on our plates we find sugars, fats and proteins. These are macronutrients. They provide the energy that our bodies need day to day.


Alongside these macronutrients are many other substances including vitamins, minerals, trace elements… as well as the thousands of substances that give fruit and vegetables their colour and flavour and which are known as polyphenols and flavonoids. They are very important in preventing ageing. In addition there are the fatty acids : essential fatty acids such as the famous omega 3 fatty acids and amino acids. They play a very important role in particular in relation to mood. All these substances are micronutrients. They do not provide the organism with energy but provide a real health benefit.


We may lack micronutrients for three reasons :

Firstly a question of intake : a modern diet is characteristically made up of refined, mass produced foods that are generally high in calories and very poor in micronutrients. These are called empty calories.

Next, our digestive ecosystem does not necessarily work very efficiently and sometimes we do not assimilate micronutrients as well. And finally, some of us may need more micronutrients in certain situations : stress, polluted atmosphere, some diseases.